Top 10 Largest Mosques in the World
Mosques is the place where Muslim’s Worship. Daily thousands of Muslims in the world gather in mosques to pray to Allah. There are many mosques in the world some are small and some are large and each has its own significance.
Some of the world’s largest Mosques are as follows:
Masjid-Al-Haram, Makkah, Saudi-Arabia:
Masjid-Al-Haram is one the oldest and largest mosque of the World. It was first Construct by Hazrat Ibrahim and his son Hazrat Ismael around 2703 BC. It is the Holiest place of Islam as it surrounds the Holly KABBAH. The place to which Muslims worldwide turn to while offering their daily obligatory prayers.
The first renovation of the Mosque took place in 692. Before this renovation, which include the mosque’s outer walls being raised and decoration add to the ceiling, the mosque was a small open area with the Kaaba at the center. By the end of the 8th century, the mosque’s old wooden columns had been replace with marble columns and the wings of the prayer hall had been extend on both sides along with the addition of a minaret. The spread of Islam in the Middle East and the influx of pilgrims require an almost complete rebuilding of the site which include adding more marble and three more minarets.
After the first Renovation, the Mosque was also renovated during the Ottoman era and after that when the Saudi era began it was also renovated then by the first Saudi emperors
The current structure of the mosque covers an area of 4,008,020 square meters (990.40 acres) including the outdoor and indoor praying spaces, and can accommodate 4-million worshipers for HAJJ the biggest annual gathering of people in the world.
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, Madinah, Saudi-Arabia:
Al-Masjid an-Nabwi is the Mosque originally construct and establishe by the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) himself. It was the third mosque built in the history of Islam and now is the 2nd largest mosque in the world. One of the Holiest places of Islam. It is always open regardless of date and time. And is also the final resting place of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H).
The mosque underwent many expansions and was renovate several times in different era’s. The current dome was add in 1818 by the Ottoman sultan Mahmud-2. And was paint as green in 1837, hence becoming known as the “Green Dome”.
Now currently the mosque can accommodate 1.6-million worshippers and covers a total area of 82000 Square Meters.
Imam Reza Shrine, Iran:
Imam Reza Shrine in Mashhad, Iran is a complex which contains the mausoleum of Imam Ridha, the eighth Imam of Twelver Shi’ites and known as third largest mosque of the world with a Capacity of 500,000 people. Also contained within the complex include the Goharshad Mosque, a museum, a library, four seminaries, a cemetery, the Razavi University of Islamic Sciences, a dining hall for pilgrims, vast prayer halls, and other buildings.
Istiqlal Mosque, Indonesia:
Istiqlal Mosque, or Masjid Istiqlal, in Jakarta, Indonesia is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia in term of capacity to accommodate people. However, in term of building structure and land coverage, Istiqlal is the largest in Southeast Asia and fourth largest in the world. This national mosque of Indonesia was build to commemorate Indonesian independence, as nation’s gratitude for God’s blessings; the independence of Indonesia. Therefore, the national mosque of Indonesia was name “Istiqlal”, an Arabic word for “Independence”.
The Hassan-2 Mosque:
Located in Casablanca is the largest mosque in Morocco and the fifth largest mosque in the world. Designed by the French architect Michel Pinseau and built by Bouygues. It stands on a promontory looking out to the Atlantic, which can be see through a gigantic glass floor with room for 25,000 worshippers, further 80,000 can be accommodate in the mosque’s adjoining grounds for a total of 105,000 worshippers present at any time at the Hassan II mosque. Its minaret is the world’s tallest at 210 m (689 ft).
Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, Pakistan:
Located in between the Beautiful Margalla hills, Islamabad the Capital of the Country is Faisal Mosque. The Mosque is the largest mosque in Pakistan and South Asia and the sixth largest mosque in the world. It was the largest mosque in the world from 1986 to 1993. When overtaken in size by the completion of the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. Faisal Mosque is conceived as the National Mosque of Pakistan. It has a covered area of 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq. ft.) and has a capacity to accommodate approximately 300,000 worshippers (100,000 in its main prayer hall, courtyard and porticoes and another 200,000 in its adjoining grounds).
Badshahi-Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan:
The Badshahi Mosque or the ‘Emperor’s Mosque’ in Lahore is the second largest mosque in Pakistan and South Asia and the seventh largest mosque in the world. Epitomizing the beauty, passion and grandeur of the Mughal era, it is Lahore’s most famous landmark and a major tourist attraction. Capable of accommodating 10,000 worshippers in its main prayer hall and a further 100,000 in its courtyard and porticoes, it remained the largest mosque in the world from 1673 to 1986 (a period of 313 years), when overtaken in size by the completion of the Faisal Mosque in Islamabad. Today, it remains the second largest mosque in Pakistan and South Asia.
Largest Mosques in the World
Shaikh Zayed Mosque, UAE:
Sheikh Zayed Mosque in Abu Dhabi is the largest mosque in the Arab Emirates. And the eighth largest mosque in the world. It is name after Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the founder. The first President of the United Arab Emirates, who is also bury there. The mosque was officially opene in the Islamic month of Ramadan in 2007.
Jama Masjid, Delhi, India:
Jama Masjid, commonly known as the Jama Masjid of Delhi, is the principal mosque of Old Delhi in India. Commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, builder of the Taj Mahal, and completed in the year 1656 AD. It is the largest and best-known mosque in India and ninth largest mosque in the world. It lies at the origin of a very busy central street of Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk. The later name, Jama Masjid, is a reference to the weekly Friday noon congregation prayers of Muslims, Jumma. Which are usually done at a mosque, the “congregational mosque”. The courtyard of the mosque can hold up to twenty-five thousand worshipers.
Baitul-Mukarram is the national mosque of Bangladesh. Locate at the heart of Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh, the mosque was build during the 1960s. The mosque has a capacity of 30,000, giving it the respectable position of being the 10th biggest mosque in the world. However, the mosque is constantly getting overcrowd. This especially occurs during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. Which has resulted in the Bangladeshi government having to add extensions to the mosque, thus increasing the capacity to at least 40,000.